Thursday, March 19, 2020
The Transformation of Shell In the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s, international environmentalists, human rights activists, and shareholder campaigns all asking for change bombarded Shell Oil Company. Shell was in the midst of dramatically changing in hopes to Ã¢â¬Å"become an organization in which financial, social, and environmental performance are equally valued and fully integratedÃ¢â¬ .1 A product organizational structure was introduced in 1995 to replace the matrix structure that had been used since the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s. The restructuring and external pressures on the company led to the implementation of some initiatives that tried to improve ShellÃ¢â¬â¢s social and environmental performance. These initiatives included: a report titled SocietyÃ¢â¬â¢s Changing Expectations, and changes to business practices, reporting practices, and stakeholder relations. Even with all these changes, ShellÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation is worse than it has ever been. The SEC is investigating the over reporting of 3.9 billion barrels of oil in the reserves, and the CFO, Judith Boynton has resigned.2 I believe ShellÃ¢â¬â¢s changes were just intended to influence the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of the company. There were three incidences in the mid 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s that led to negative publicity for Shell. Greenpeace was the largest environmental organization and opposed ShellÃ¢â¬â¢s disposal plans of a large oil storage and loading buoy called Brent Spar. The large platform was going to be sunk in the ocean, after local officers removed Greenpeace activists that had stationed themselves aboard to protest.1 With all the press coverage, Shell revised their plan and decided to recycle the buoy into a Ro/Ro ferry in Norway. The Body Shop International, the Sierra Club and Friends of the Earth were also teaming up to spread negative advertising protesting Shell. These organizations were outraged that Shell would not take responsibility for their oil spills on the Ogoni land in Nigeria, which Shell has been drilling ... Free Essays on The Transformation Of Shell Free Essays on The Transformation Of Shell The Transformation of Shell In the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s, international environmentalists, human rights activists, and shareholder campaigns all asking for change bombarded Shell Oil Company. Shell was in the midst of dramatically changing in hopes to Ã¢â¬Å"become an organization in which financial, social, and environmental performance are equally valued and fully integratedÃ¢â¬ .1 A product organizational structure was introduced in 1995 to replace the matrix structure that had been used since the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s. The restructuring and external pressures on the company led to the implementation of some initiatives that tried to improve ShellÃ¢â¬â¢s social and environmental performance. These initiatives included: a report titled SocietyÃ¢â¬â¢s Changing Expectations, and changes to business practices, reporting practices, and stakeholder relations. Even with all these changes, ShellÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation is worse than it has ever been. The SEC is investigating the over reporting of 3.9 billion barrels of oil in the reserves, and the CFO, Judith Boynton has resigned.2 I believe ShellÃ¢â¬â¢s changes were just intended to influence the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of the company. There were three incidences in the mid 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s that led to negative publicity for Shell. Greenpeace was the largest environmental organization and opposed ShellÃ¢â¬â¢s disposal plans of a large oil storage and loading buoy called Brent Spar. The large platform was going to be sunk in the ocean, after local officers removed Greenpeace activists that had stationed themselves aboard to protest.1 With all the press coverage, Shell revised their plan and decided to recycle the buoy into a Ro/Ro ferry in Norway. The Body Shop International, the Sierra Club and Friends of the Earth were also teaming up to spread negative advertising protesting Shell. These organizations were outraged that Shell would not take responsibility for their oil spills on the Ogoni land in Nigeria, which Shell has been drilling ...
Monday, March 2, 2020
GAUTHIER Surname Meaning and Family History Gauthier is a surname often given to lumbermen, originating from the Old French gault and GaelicÃ gaut, meaning forest. 2) From the germanic elements wald meaningÃ to govern, and hari, meaning armed. Surname Origin: French Alternate Surname Spellings:Ã GAUTIE, GAUTHIE, GAUTHIEZ, GOTHIER, GAUTIER, GAULTIER, GAULTHIER, LES GAUTHIER, LE GAUTHIER Famous People with the GAUTHIERSurname David GauthierÃ - Canadian-American philosopherThÃ ©ophile Gautier -Ã French poet and authorClaude GauthierÃ - French-Canadian singer-songwriterMylÃ ¨ne Jeanne Gautier - French-Canadian singer-songwriterÃ MylÃ ¨ne Farmer Where is the GAUTHIERSurname Most Common? According to surname distribution from Forebears, Gauthier is the 21st most common surname in Canada and the 38th most common surname in France.Ã WorldNames PublicProfilerÃ indicates that within Canada, the name is most common in Prince Edward Island, followed by Quebec and the Northeast Territories. In France, the name is most prevalent in central France, with the highest density in the departments of Jura and Loir-et-Cher.Ã Genealogy Resources for the Surname GAUTHIER Meanings of Common French SurnamesUncover the meaning of your French last name with this free guide to the meanings and origins of common French surnames. How to Research French AncestryIf you are one of those people who have avoided delving into your French ancestry due to fears that the research would be too difficult, then wait no more! France is a country with excellent genealogical records, and it is very likely that you will be able to trace your French roots back several generations once you understand how and where the records are kept. GauthierÃ Family Crest - Its Not What You ThinkContrary to what you may hear, there is no such thing as a GauthierÃ family crest or coat of arms for the Gauthier surname.Ã Coats of arms are granted to individuals, not families, and may rightfully be used only by the uninterrupted male line descendants of the person to whom the coat of arms was originally granted. GAUTHIERÃ Family Genealogy ForumThis free message board is focused on descendants of GauthierÃ ancestors around the world. FamilySearch - GAUTHIERÃ GenealogyExplore over 360,000 results from digitizedÃ historical records and lineage-linked family trees related to the GauthierÃ surname on this free website hosted by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. GAUTHIERÃ Surname Mailing ListFree mailing list for researchers of the GauthierÃ surname and its variations includes subscription details and a searchable archives of past messages. DistantCousin.com - GAUTHIERÃ Genealogy Family HistoryExplore free databases and genealogy links for the last name Gauthier. GeneaNet - GauthierÃ RecordsGeneaNet includes archival records, family trees, and other resources for individuals with the GauthierÃ surname, with a concentration on records and families from France and other European countries. The GauthierÃ Genealogy and Family Tree PageBrowse genealogy records and links to genealogical and historical records for individuals with the GauthierÃ surname from the website of Genealogy Today.- References: Surname Meanings Origins Cottle, Basil.Ã Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967. Dorward, David.Ã Scottish Surnames. Collins Celtic (Pocket edition), 1998. Fucilla, Joseph.Ã Our Italian Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 2003. Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges.Ã A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989. Hanks, Patrick.Ã Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2003. Reaney, P.H.Ã A Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1997. Smith, Elsdon C.Ã American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997. Back toGlossary of Surname Meanings Origins
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Why Fast Foods Can Be Bad For Your Health - Research Paper Example Another issue with fast food is that it is easily available and can be much easier than trying to cook or provide a more nutritious meal for your family Ã¢â¬â meaning that people often each much more fast food than they should (French et al, 2004). This type of problem has led fast food to become a victim of much controversy in the media as well as getting many analyses in the scientific literature that has led it to become a dangerous topic. The purpose of this essay is to explore the literature on fast foods and examine why it can be bad for your health, as well as completing a discussion and analysis of the research available. It will become evident that there are many reasons why fast food can be bad for your health, and these claims are backed up by evidence that supports this claim. The term fast food was popularized in the United States in the middle part of this century. The term is used to refer to any food that can be prepared and sold extremely quickly, making it easy t o access and available to many. The fact that many fast food restaurants do not have typical waiting staff (preferring to rely on a collection or takeaway method) means that it can be even quicker and sold at an extremely low price. All of these have led to the popularization of fast food across the Western world, with many chains having outlets in many countries. There are many different types of fast food, although the most popular types include hamburgers, fries, pizza and other foods which are high in fat and many contain a high level of additives and addictive substances (French et al, 2004). One of the main reasons that fast food is considered to be so dangerous is that it is linked to the main health problem in the United States Ã¢â¬â obesity (French et al, 2004). Because fast food is so easy to obtain and can be bought for relatively low prices, those who are on low incomes or who work long hours are more susceptible to obesity (Block, Scribner & DeSalvo, 2004). Additiona lly, Jeffery & French (1998) have shown that there is a strong association between eating fast food and watching television, and together these two activities are strongly linked to obesity Ã¢â¬â particularly because they reduce activity levels in many people. Kwate, Yau, Loh & Williams (2009) also did a study considering whether the high availability of fast food makes it bad for your health. The study found that those who lived in areas with a high density of fast food chains were more likely to be obese and have related health problems. The reasons for this were multiple. For one, those who merely had to order food to get it delivered were likely to do less exercise to get to their food. Secondly, the content of the food was much higher in fat than meals that had been prepared in the home, leading to weight gain. As we will see, weight gain can lead to health problems such as type II diabetes. Pereira et al (2005) did a study examining the links between fast food habits, weigh t gain and insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is important because it is an early indicator of type II diabetes, and therefore any sign of increased insulin resistance can be considered a health risk. There was found to be a strong link between fast food eating and a resistance to insulin, particularly because many of the foods have a high level of sugar and carbohydrates. This is what makes the foods more appealing and taste nice, but consuming sugar in high levels can lead to obesity and type II diabetes in later life. In this sense, eating a lot of fast foods is definitely bad for your health. Another major concern with fast food is that they contain some additives, not all of which have been fully tested
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Pian an individual state's TANF program to discuss and in general,AND discuss how this welfare reform changes behavior and labou - Research Paper Example This paper aims at discussing the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and how it affects behavior and labor force participation. Critiques of Aid to Families with Dependent Children program had claimed that the program was highly ineffective and was only encouraging dependency on the government. This argument was backed by the high rate of increase in case load that was experienced in between 1990 and 1994. This led to the introduction of welfare-work programs. These programs were found to have highly increased employment rates and reducing welfare rolls. However, the programs had very minimal effect on the income of former welfare recipients. This proved that the programs were not efficient in poverty eradication. The government then made the decision to turn welfare into a transitional system. Under this system financial assistance would be provided to the needy just for a certain period then they would be required to work and earn their own money by using the knowledge they go t from the training offered to them during the welfare (Moffitt, 2002). The congress reforms that led to the enactment of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families had five main themes. The welfare was supposed to undergo reform in order for them to promote time limits and work. They also aimed at reducing federal spending on financial aid to the needy families with dependent children. ... Encouraging work amongst welfare recipients was one of the major aims of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. Before the reforms that brought about the introduction of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, there was no increase in the rate of employment amongst the welfare recipients (Brockman, 2013). In between 1994 and 1999 there was a labor participation increase of about 10% amongst the welfare recipients. This is encouraged by the requirement of the welfare recipients to work. With this they were able to be of greater labor significance to the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economy. One of the contributing factors to the increase in employment amongst welfare recipients is the period restriction. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families states that no individual would be allowed to receive welfare for more than 5 years. Some of the states have even made the number of years less (Falk & United States, 2008). This policy makes the recipients to want to involve themselves in income ear ning activities in preparation for the end of welfare assistance. Given the fact that the recipients are financially needy the only legitimate income generating activity that they would effectively involve in is an employment and provision of labor. Through this they increase the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s general labor force. The fact that Temporary Assistance for Needy Families encouraged devolution also contributed to the increase in the rate of employment amongst welfare recipients. Through devolution states were able to design and implement programs that would encourage employment amongst the policy recipients. This is majorly because of the diversity of the industrial
Saturday, January 25, 2020
The controversy within the biomedical ethics topic, abortion, has two main proponents. The first is the view against abortion, also known as pro-life. The other view is rooted upon the belief of being pro-choice, or basically for abortions. These two different views are like two mathematical principles, in that although these two views have many differences, they also have larger similarities in the background. For example, when pro-choice activists support abortions due to unwanted pregnancies, the activists are not rallying behind the idea of sexual incompetency (pregnancies due to lack of birth control). Rather, they are supporting the idea that women have the right to choose what to do with their own bodies. In order to understand these opposing views, justifications and condemnations, on abortion, it can basically be divided into three categories. These categories are based upon the reasons for which abortions are carried out, and include congenital defects, rape, and economics . Congenital defects, is when deformities within the baby are detected during an early stage of a pregnancy. These defects, such as DownÃ¢â¬â¢s syndrome, are detected through an amniocentesis test. The second justification for abortion is from criminal cases, such as rape. A final reason for an abortion is due to economics, the financial condition, of a family. Economics can also include cases such as teen pregnancies. The anti-abortionists have numerous reasons for their beliefs, and many of them are attached to their religion ideals. Religious ideals, range from having an abortion before 120 days after the pregnancy, as in Islam, to considering it a sin to have an abortion, as in Christianity. However, the anti-abortionistsÃ¢â¬â¢ reasons also come from the belief that a human being is born after conception, and that the death of that embryo or fetus resembles the murder of an innocent human being. They believe that no one has the power to take command of anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s life, mainly an infant, which is dependent on others for survival during the initial stages of life. In addition, to the fact that abortions kill innocent human beings, anti-abortionists believe that they also damage the mental, as well as physical condition of the mother. Since, after an abortion a mother is more susceptible to breast cancer, and to periods of depression. In the case of congenital defects, the pro-life activis ... ...cal analysis of abortions. In the eyes of Economics, abortion can also have a negative effect, or an opportunity cost. For example, is the mother of Einstein or Darwin had an abortion, then the opportunity cost would be the loss of knowledge they discovered. Likewise, the opportunity cost of an unborn child due to abortion, whom could have had a significant effect on human race, can be devastating. Work Sited Anderson, D. E. Newsroom Guide to Abortion and Family Planning. Second Edition. Washington, D. C.: Dickinson Publishing, 1996. Harrison, Maureen, and Steve Gilbert. Abortion Decisions of the United States Supreme Court: The 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s. Beverly Hills: Excellent Books, 1993. Joffe, C. Doctors of Conscience: The Struggle to Provide Abortion Before and After Roe v. Wade. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1996. Melville, Keith. The Battle Over Abortion. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 1990. Whitney, Catherine. Whose Life?. New York: William Morrow and Company Inc., 1991. Internet Source. http://www.cbctrust.com/medproc.html Internet Source. http://www.prolifeinfo.org/statestats.html Internet Source. http://www.prolifeinfo.org/up16.htm Internet Source. http://www.tidalweb.com/life/go.htm
Friday, January 17, 2020
(Mt. Hood FurnitureÃ¢â¬âPPS sampling problem) You have been assigned the task of testing the accuracy of the final inventory compilation for Mt. Hood Furniture. You may assume that you have separately observed the inventory and that you are satisfied that the inventory was accurately counted. However, you need to test that quantities were accurately transcribed to the final accumulation and valuation of inventory and that the inventory is correctly priced and accumulated. The table beginning on page 617 presents the audited values associated with Mt. HoodÃ¢â¬â¢s pricing and accumulation of all items in inventory.The book values will be given to you by your professor. You may assume that you have performed the tests to determine the proper pricing for raw materials, work in process, and finished goods. The student should understand that the auditor will normally obtain this information only for the items included in the sample. Required 1. Identify the audit objectives that are a ccomplished by this test. 2. Determine sample size based on the following audit judgments. a. Tolerable misstatement is assessed at $325,000. b. The risk of incorrect acceptance is assessed at 37 percent. c. Anticipated misstatement is assessed at $100,000. . Develop a scenario that is consistent with setting the risk of incorrect acceptance at 37 percent. 4. Select a PPS sample of the above inventory population using the sample size determined in (2) above. 5. Explain the tests that you would perform to test the correctness of pricing of raw materials, work in progress, and finished goods. (The student may wish to consult Chapter 16. ) 6. Determine the amount of projected population misstatement based on your sample. 7. Considering your quantitative and qualitative results, develop a statistical conclusion and an audit conclusion based on your sample.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Harvard Business School 9-394-016 Rev. April 26, 1999 ABBÃ¢â¬â¢s Relays Business: Building and Managing A Global Matrix It was a casual conversation between the chairmen of Asea and Brown Boveri in 1987 about the dismal state of the utilities equipment market that eventually led to merger talks between these two giant power equipment companies. Within weeks of the announcement in August 1987, Percy Barnevik, the CEO of Asea who was asked to lead the combined operations, had articulated a strategic vision for Asea Brown Boveri (ABB). Convinced that the decade-long decline in new power generation capacity would soon reverse itself, he believed that the new technologies and scale economies required to meet the new demand could only beÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Furthermore, he implemented his Ã¢â¬Å"30/30/30 ruleÃ¢â¬ in which he decreed that all headquarters organizationsÃ¢â¬âfrom corporate to business area to regionalÃ¢â¬âshould be dramatically downsized by relocating 30% of the headquarters personnel to the front-line companies, by having another 30% provide their value added as outsourced services, and by laying off an additional 30%. To set the example, the staffing level at ABBÃ¢â¬â¢s combined corporate headquarters was reduced from over 2,000 to only 150. To ensure accountability, Barnevik assigned a team to develop a new transparent reporting system which aimed at Ã¢â¬Å"democratizing information.Ã¢â¬ Dubbed ABACUS, the system was designed to collect uniform dollar dominated performance data at the level of ABBÃ¢â¬â¢s 4,500 profit centers. By allowing comparisons against budget and forecast to be aggregated and disaggregated, ABACUS facilitated analysis within and across businesses, countries, and companies or profit centers. Given control over key resources and provided with current relevant information, managers on the front-lines were expected to act. BarnevikÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"7-3 formulaÃ¢â¬ reinforced the notion that it was better to decide quickly and be right seven times out of ten than to delay or to search for the perfect solution. Ã¢â¬Å"Better roughly and quickly than carefully and slowly,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"The only thing we cannot acceptShow MoreRelatedAbb Relay Business: Building and Managing Global Matrix811 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesn the case study titled Ã¢â¬Å"ABBÃ¢â¬â¢s Relay Business: Building and Managing a Global MatrixÃ¢â¬ , the author attempted an examination of the success and challenges that occurred as a result of the decision to merge two medium scale telecommunications companies - Asea and Brown Boveri. The merger was necessitated by the depression in the utility equipment market. As a result of this, the chairmen of both companies met and decided it was in the best interest of the two companies to come together in forming anRead MoreAbbs Relays Business: Building and Managing a Global Matrix711 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthat there is a clear understanding of the ABBÃâs matrix structure and the management roles and relationships in the relays business. In executive education programs, participants a re more likely to have had experience in such subtle organization processes, and the instructor can move more quickly from the basic diagnosis to the more evaluative and reflective discussion. Executives will be interested to discuss issues like what makes this global matrix work when so many others have failed, and whatRead MoreFour Circles Model1358 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescloudy vision of what we wanted became clearer and clearer. -Principal of a restructuring high school Administrators across the United States are recognizing that the education system needs fundamental changes to keep pace with an increasingly complex global society. Yet, the deeper we get into the process of change, the more confused we can become. We need some sense of what to expect and what direction to take. Seeing the patterns of change can be difficult; stakeholders in a system tend to see changeRead MoreStrategic Management1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages2000; Turner Keegan, 2001). Forster (2005) asserts that the construction of organizational management first surfaced in the 1970s and continued to grow in importance. He asserts that the decade of 1970s, also marked the introduction of self-managing work and project teams, and the emergence of cross-functional work teams in many organizations (Forster, pg: 205). He further writes, Hewlett-Packard was one of the first companies in the USA to routinely mix together specialists in single teamsRead MoreManaging Global Business : The General Electric / Mckinsey Matrix1683 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesManaging Global Business The organization is global and participates in most national markets so if it is not currently stateless, it is well on its way to being stateless. Ghemawat (2011) Ã¢â¬Å"reckonsÃ¢â¬ that a large majority of the top executives at GE are Americans which may simply be a side effect of the corporation having been founded in the U.S. and headquartered in the U.S. GE takes different modes of entry in to foreign markets, depending on the market and the competitive environment. Their approachRead MoreWhat Are The Main Types Of Organizational Structures And Provided Positive And Negative Attributes For Each? Essay1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesare set up in specific ways to accomplish different goals, and the structure of an organization can help or hinder its progress towards accomplishing these goals. There are three main types of organizational structures: functional, divisional, and matrix structure.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Functional Structure. A functional structure is a common type of organizational structure in which the organization is divided into smaller groups based on specialized functional areas. For example, in this type of organizational structureRead MoreManaging A Project Team, An Understanding And Knowledge Of The Design And Construction Process1441 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMANAGING A PROJECT TEAM Syed Tauseef Ali (Author) Civil Engineering Department Bradley University Peoria, Illinois firstname.lastname@example.org AbstractÃ¢â¬âManaging a project team requires an understanding and knowledge of modern management as well as the knowledge of the design and construction process. Nowadays, associations in the development area use groups to meet today s global competition and client desires, however, they require better methods for assessing the viability of the groupsRead MoreGe Management1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesyears GE became an innovator in the advancement of technology and implementing new ideas. Some of these products included the first electric powered X-ray machine, television, radio, locomotives, home appliances and radar systems. While GE was building a name for itself with great new products it also became a leader with its innovations in management. In 1900 GE embarked on its first management initiative by creating the first corporate research and development lab. A short 30 years later GERead MoreGes Management Theory1077 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesyears GE became an innovator in the advancement of technology and implementing new ideas. Some of these products included the first electric powered X-ray machine, television, radio, locomotives, home appliances and radar systems. While GE was building a name for itself with great new products it also became a leader with its innovations in management. In 1900 GE embarked on its first management initiative by creating the first corporate research and development lab. A short 30 years later GERead MoreProject Management : A Collaborative Or Individual Entity Essay1598 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages1837 under King William IV. RIBA plan of work 2013 It was first developed in 1963 and for almost fifty years it was the most definitive work on building design and development in construction industry in UK.It also has a significant effect on global level. The 2013 version is helpful as it gives a framework for organizing and managing a building project by giving us as a tool to define and describe important work stages used in large array of projects. It divides the project management